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What to see and visit in Asturias?
The Principality of Asturias It is located in the northwestern part of Spain, has an area of 10,564 km2 and a population of around one million people. It borders 4 provinces: Lugo (Galicia to the west), Cantabria to the east and the provinces of León and Burgos to the south.
It is situated in what we call Spanish Switzerland wave Spain green, for its rich vegetation. Actually, it has a huge richness and variety of landscapes. 30% of its surface are protected green areas: 1 National Park, 3 Natural Parks, 10 Nature Reserves, 35 Natural Monuments and 10 Protected Landscapes). In it we find high mountain areas (Picosde Europa, Atlantic Forest, CordilleraCantábrica ..), valleys area (many river basins) and coastal area, which has 345 km .. It is separated from Castilla-León by the CordilleraCantábrica. Its coastline is varied, so we can find open beaches and cliffs with their enchanting coves; and the estuaries that flow into the Cantabrian Sea such as: Tina Menor, Ribadesella, Villaviciosa, Avilés, Pravía, Eo, Navía.
As we have already said before, its vegetation is varied depending on which area it is. In the area of the valleys and mighty rivers, there are meadows and scrub valleys where cattle graze, as well as forests of oaks, linden, beech, walnut ... In the south is the mountainous area, one of the highest in Spain. Peaks of europe, which are shared by the eastern slope with Cantabria and which are a true wonder of nature. There are peaks such as: Naranjo de Bulnes, Torre Carredo, Peña Santa ... For ski lovers, there are Slopes of Valgrande-Pajares just 75 km away, in the Cantabrian Mountains.
Apart from its capital, Oviedo, administrative, commercial and political center, there are 2 important populations such as: Gijón, which is where the largest number of inhabitants is concentrated and is the industrial and tourist center; and Avilés, Langreo ....
Due to its geographical location, Asturias It has been a way of passage for the pilgrims, who were going to Santiago de Compostela, so Asturias is part of the Santiago's road. Due to its historical-artistic legacy and its gastronomy, Asturias is an important tourist center.
Climate: it must be said that its temperatures are rather cool with abundant rains throughout the year, without too much heat in summer and with its very cold waters. Winters are not cold at all. In other words, Asturias enjoys a typically oceanic or Atlantic climate, except in the mountains where it is colder. Its average temperature in summer is 22º and attracts many tourists thanks to this, people who want to spend a hot summer fleeing from the great heat, which is usually experienced in Spain.
Access and communications with Asturias
Its road network connects it with the rest of the Peninsula in the following way: N-634 with the East (Irún, Cantabria, Basque Country); N-634 continue by West (Tuy, Galicia); the A-66 and the N-630 It is connected to the south with Castilla-León, Madrid .... It also has the railway network of RENFE (Tel .: 98 526 02 02) and with an important bus network, which connects it with all of Spain. its Oviedo airport, is located in Castrillón-Santiagodel Monte, 43 km from Oviedo, (Tel .: 985 127 500) connects it through IBERIA with: Barcelona, Madrid; Air Nostrum: Barcelona, Paris and London; with Air Europa to: Alicante, Mallorca and Tenerife; and with Spanair with: Madrid.
Tourist routes through Asturias
There are several tourist routes, which can be done in the region, but perhaps the most important are the Pre-Romanesque Route (precursor style) and the Camino de Santiagoasturiano.
- Pre-Romanesque Route: It is home to what was the creation of the Asturian Kingdom (1st. Christian kingdom of the Peninsula) and is represented by 14 religious buildings, which were built between the 8th and 10th centuries. The dynasty began during the Reconquest, with Don Pelayo, winner of the Battle of Covadonga against the Muslims in 722; and ended with Alfonso IIIel Magno in the year 910, as he later annexed the kingdom of Castilla-León, moving the capital to León. There are 4 routes:
- Route 1 of the Old Court: Cathedral of Oviedo, Church of San Tirso el Real in Oviedo, Holy Chamber in the Cathedral of Oviedo, Fountain of LaFoncalada in Oviedo, Church of San Julián de los Prados in Santullano, Palace of Santa María del Naranco and Church of San Miguel de Lillo.
- Route 2 in the surroundings of Oviedo: Church of Santa María de Bendones, 5 km from Oviedo, Santa Cristina de Lenaen Pola de Lena.
- Route 3 of the Nalón and its Tributaries: Iglesia de San Pedro de Nora in Llanera, 12 km from Oviedo by the Ctra.de Galicia; Church of Santo Adrianode Tuñón in SantoAdriano, Basilica of San Juande Santianes in Pravia, on Ctra.a Galicia.
- Route 4 of Villaviciosay Colunga: Church of San Salvador de Valdediós in San Pedro de Ambás-Villaviciosa, Church of San Salvador de Priesca in Villaviciosa, Church of Santiagode Gobiendes in Colunga,
- The Asturian Way of Santiago: King Alfonso II the Chaste, in the 9th century, created a Jacobean Route, which linked Oviedo with Santiago de Compostela, passing through the interior of Asturias (Interior Route): Oviedo, Las Regueras, Girado, Salas, Tineo, Allande and Grandasde Salime. And another, Ruta de la Costa, which passes through all the coastal municipalities of the Asturian coast. The one in the interior was used until the 13th century, at which time the other plateau was created and from then on it became the busiest one, passing through León, Lena, Mieres, Ribera de Arriba and Oviedo (the French Way).
For more information see: Telephone Numbers of Interest of Asturias.
History of the Principality of Asturias
Because of its historical legacy we can know that its history begins in prehistory, in the Bronze Age, which left them important remains of Celtic castros, caves with cave paintings and various utensils. Then came the Romans, who under the command of Emperor Augustus, occupied and imposed their culture and their way of doing things on the existing Cantabrian tribes. They built roads to connect cities and transport the wealth they found to Rome; bridges and aqueducts, to bring water to cities, hot springs, stately homes ...
The principality It was also reconquered by King Don Pelayo, who in the famous battle of Covandonga in 723 drove the Arabs out in their attempt to occupy their lands. Since then, El Real Sitio de Covadonga has become a place of pilgrimages every September 8th. King Don Pelayo was the one who established the Asturian dynasty, until in the year 910 the Kingdom of Asturias was incorporated into the Kingdom of Castile. During the reigns of this dynasty, the pre-Romanesque Asturian style was born, mainly thanks to King Alfonso II the Chaste, who would set the standards for religious constructions both in the rest of Spain and in Europe. There are great works both pre-Romanesque and Romanesque.
In 1388 The Principality of Asturias was constituted, by which all the heirs of the Spanish Crown, hold the title of Princes of Asturias.
During the Renaissance, important mansions and palaces were built in the Baroque or Renaissance style. Later, architecturally speaking, the Indian style would arrive, which is nothing more than the palaces, which were built by the Asturian rich, upon their return from American lands where they had emigrated to make fortune.Centuries later, the Principality was industrialized with the coal and iron mines and this completely changed the panorama of this country, which had been until then: sailor, farmer and rancher. In 1934 a mining revolt with its union troubles, marked the political climate of Spain, which 2 years later would lead to the Spanish Civil War.
What to buy in AsturiasAsturias It is by artisan tradition and there are many interesting things to buy. There are typical products of the region, which are very beautiful and tempting: the ceramic is typical.canegra, madreñas (wooden clogs) and handcrafted wooden objects, pocket knives, leather work ...
- Mother: They can be purchased in Casomera, Campo deCaso, Penacoba.
- Gold or silver jewelery with jets: in Villaviciosa
- Wine Boots: in Langreo.
- Bags and leather goods: in Mieres.
- Black ceramic: it can be bought in several places: Llamas delMouro, Miranda, Faro (Limanes),
- Nylon mesh: in Luanco.
- Furniturerestored: in Mieres.
- Glazed ceramic: Faro (Limanes)
- Pocket knives: Taramundi knives are famous.
- Wooden bowls and baskets: in Pasaron.
- Cheeses, honey, sausages, tuna or sardines, bean stew, peppers ...
Asturian Gastronomy: Its cuisine is based on the natural products of its garden and its lands, such as: potatoes, pumpkins, beets, lettuces, legumes and above all the fabes, pods. Asturias is rich in fruit trees: apples, cherries, pears, figs, chestnuts and walnuts. It also has good pastures, so it has good meat (beef, pork and lamb), good sausages and all dairy derivatives, especially cheeses. Game dishes. As for fish and shellfish, they are excellent: pixín (monkfish), sea bass, skewered hake, bonito, sardines, anchovies, tiñoso (scorpion fish), sargo, bocarte, winter elvers, squid, squid, mussels, spider crabs, crabs, clams,
Its most typical dishes are: Asturian Fabada, Fabes with clams, Roast Lamb with Potatoes, Octopus with Potatoes, Bean Soup, Clam Soup, Spider Cider, Pregnant Burgundy Bread, Poteasturiano, Calderetas (rock fish and / or shellfish, with potatoes), crab gratin, fried Cabrales, Sirloin with Cabrales, pork ribs with honey, Verdines, Asturian tripe, Chicken with cider ... As for desserts: their cheeses; susdulces: Casadielles, Homemade marzipan (a kind of rajalmonds), Rice pudding, Curd cake, Yogurt cake ...
Their Wines. It deserves special mention cider, typical alcoholic drink of Asturias. It is made with Asturian apples, not too ripe and acidic, which after an artisanal pressing and fermentation process, become an essential drink on Asturian tables. Then the way of serving it is also special and it should be done following the rite: it should be drained into a wide, thin-walled glass, so that when poured it foams; It should be drunk in one gulp and left a little at the end, which is why the glass is bathed and the last drink is given. It is served at room temperature, never cold. The one from Valdediósy Villaviciosa is famous, although it is made throughout the Principality.
Cucumber, blackberry, and candied cherries liqueurs are also made.
Their cheeses. Asturias has a wide variety of cheeses such as: Cabrales, Casin, Beyos, Gamonedo, Vidiago, Peñamellera, La Peña, La Peral, Taramundi, Aguegael Pitu, Monje, Los Oscos ... Without a doubt, the best known of all in and out of Spain is the Cabrales Denomination of Origin, which is made in the municipality of Cabralesy Peñamellera Alta in a traditional way. (click the link)
Restaurants in Asturias
Restaurants in the Province of Asturias:
- RestaurantElCafetín (c / MatemáticoPedrayes, in Lastres, Tel .: 98 585 0085): traditional Asturian cuisine, specializing in fish and seafood;
- RestaurantReal Balneario de Salinas, (c / JuanSitges, 3, in Salinas-Avilés, Tel.:98 551 86 13): traditional cuisine, especially seafood and elvers;
- RestaurantVilla Blanca (Av. De Galicia, 25-27, in Luarca, Tel .: 98 564 10 79): Asturian traditional cuisine;
- La Cabaña Restaurant (c / Susierra, 34, Tel .: 98 594 00 84, in Cangas de Onís): traditional cuisine, especially roast lamb and suckling pig;
- RestaurantEl Risón (Calle del Puerto, in Castropol, Tel .: 98 563 50 65): delicious traditional Asturian cuisine;
- ResturanteMariño (Playa de la Conchade Artedo, in Cudillero, Tel .: 98 55 901 86): traditional Asturian cuisine, specializing in stews and curadillo in sauce;
- El Mazo Restaurant (Cuesta de la Rectoral, in Taramundi, Tel .: 98 564 67 60): traditional Lassurian cuisine, specialty Sirloin alcabrales.
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